By the will of the Creator, action bears fruit. Isaction, then, supreme? No, it is inert, unconscious.The fruits of action are not everlasting and theycause one to fall into the great ocean of karma,blocking spiritual progress.That action which is done without personal desireand whose fruits are surrendered to the Lord,purifies the mind and leads to Liberation.Ritual worship, repetition of sacred names, andmeditation are done with the body, the speech,and the mind, and they progress in excellencein that order.To serve the world, looked upon as themanifestation of the Lord, is to offer worship tothe Lord of the Eight Forms.Silent meditation, in the mind, is higher than thebest devotional praise, or the uttering of sacrednames, loudly or softly.Like an unbroken flow of oil or a stream of water,continuous meditation is better than that which isinterrupted.Meditation on the identity of the individual andthe Lord, “I am He”, is more purifying than meditationwhich assumes a difference between them.By the power of meditation, devoid of thoughts,one is established in true Being, and this is supremedevotion.The practice of fixing the mind in its own sourcein the Heart is, without doubt, true bhakti, yoga,and understanding.The mind may be subdued by regulating thebreath, just as a bird is restrained when caughtin a net. This practice controls the mind.Mind and breath, manifesting in thought andaction, branch out from a common source, theSakti.Absorption, or laya, and destruction, or nasa,are the two kinds of mind control. When merelyabsorbed, it emerges again, but not when it isdestroyed.When the mind has been suspended by breathrestraint, it may then be annihilated by singlemindedattention to the Self.What action remains to be done by that great yogiwhose mind has been extinguished, and who restsin his own true and transcendent state of Being?If one’s attention is turned away from externalobjects of sense and focused on the light of theSelf, that is the true vision of Reality.Again, if one persists in asking, “What is this mindof mine?” it will be found that there is really nosuch thing as ‘mind’. This is the Direct Path.What one has thought of as his mind is merely abundle of thoughts. All these thoughts dependupon the one thought of “I”, the ego. Therefore,the so-called mind is the “I” thought.If one asks himself, “Where does this I comefrom?” it will vanish. This is Self-enquiry, oratma-vichara.Where this ‘I’ vanished and merged in its Sourcethere appears spontaneously and continuouslyan “I-I”. This is the Heart, the infinite SupremeBeing.And this uninterrupted “I-I” is the true meaningof the term “I” because when the waking ‘ego I’daily disappears in deep sleep, the real ‘I’ remains.This true ‘I’, the one Reality, is not the body, orthe senses, or mind, or breath, or ignorance. Theseare all inert and insentient.There is only one Being that can know Reality.That one-only Being is itself Reality and is itselfConsciousness.Both Creator and creature are essentially one andthe same Reality. Their apparent differences are dueonly to differences in form and levels of knowledge.When the creature abandons its illusory individualform and recognises itself as without attributes, itsees the Creator as its own true Self.Being the Self is knowing the Self, because thereis only one Self, and not two. This Being andknowing the Self is abiding in the Reality.True knowledge is beyond what we think of as‘knowledge’ or ‘ignorance’ because in the Stateof Non-differentiation what other thing is tobe known?If one’s true Self is known, then there is neitherbirth nor death, but eternal Being, Consciousness,Bliss.The jiva who attains the state of Supreme Bliss,beyond any thoughts of bondage or freedom istruly devoted to the Lord.When the individual ‘I’ has disappeared and thereal “I-I” has been found, that is excellent tapas.Ramana says this.http://www.maharshiramana.com/ramana_maharshi_library/maharshis_way.pdf
This is one of the best commentary on upadesa sara i ever read.
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